by erichall7

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Unit 5 civil war.pptx

Published Apr 5, 2013 in Education
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Presentation Slides & Transcript

Presentation Slides & Transcript

The American Civil War

North vs. South

The worst war America has ever fought
Mini balls
New bullets that could kill
The first modern war
Takes place after the industrial revolution

Huge death rates
More accurate guns
More people died but more also would live and be wounded
Example: Antietam
22,717 died in one day
The single bloodiest day in American History

Huge death rates
Over 600,000 are dead at the end of the war
2% of the US population
A brutal war that tore apart America

Huge death rates

The south is fighting to maintain it’s independence and to keep slavery
The north wants to abolish slavery and have more control over the states

General Robert E. Lee
Famous General for the South’s confederate army
Skilled at strategy and war
Graduated West Point Academy
A legend of the Spanish American War

The difference between North and South
The north had some advantages:
The North had more industry for more guns and ammunition
The North had trains and better communication (telegraph)
The North had the leadership of Abraham Lincoln

The difference between North and South
The South had some disadvantages:
The South was mainly agricultural
The South had slower communication and limited amounts of trains
The South was not as advanced in technology as the North

General Ulysses S. Grant
Famous general for the North
Also graduated from West Point Academy
Helped win the War
Later became an American President (1869-1877)

First war to use photos

Emancipation Proclamation
January 1, 1863
Lincoln’s famous order about slaves being free
He said slaves should be free and never slaves again
After this, many slaves signed up to be soldiers for the northern army

Gettysburg Address
The most famous speech in American History
Very short- Lincoln only spoke for a few minutes
“Fourscore and seven years ago”

Gettysburg Address
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate, we can not consecrate, we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

The North wins
The South is defeated and Lee surrenders at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia
April 9, 1865
The Civil War is the single greatest change agent to affect the United States in its 240 year history
The states no longer had top control of the country- the central government does