by rohnak

14 slides


Published Sep 14, 2013 in Technology
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Presentation Slides & Transcript

Presentation Slides & Transcript

Computer Viruses and Worms**Referred to slides by Dragan Lojpur, Zhu Fang at Florida State University

Definition of VirusA virus is a small piece of software that piggybacks on real programs in order to get executedOnce it’s running, it spreads by inserting copies of itself into other executable code or documents

Typical things that some current Personal Computer (PC) viruses do Display a message

Typical things that some current Personal Computer (PC) viruses doErase filesScramble data on a hard diskCause erratic screen behaviorHalt the PCMany viruses do nothing obvious at all except spread!Display a message

Executable Viruses Traditional Virusespieces of code attached to a legitimate programrun when the legitimate program gets executed loads itself into memory and looks around to see if it can find any other programs on the disk

Boot Sector Viruses Traditional Virusinfect the boot sector on floppy disks and hard disks By putting its code in the boot sector, a virus can guarantee it gets executed load itself into memory immediately, and it is able to run whenever the computer is on

E-mail Viruses Moves around in e-mail messagesReplicates itself by automatically mailing itself to dozens of people in the victim’s e-mail address bookExample: Melissa virus, ILOVEYOU virus

Melissa virus March 1999 the Melissa virus was the fastest-spreading virus ever seen Someone created the virus as a Word document uploaded to an Internet newsgroup People who downloaded the document and opened it would trigger the virusThe virus would then send the document in an e-mail message to the first 50 people in the person's address book

Melissa virusTook advantage of the programming language built into Microsoft Word called VBA (Visual Basic for Applications)

PreventionUpdates Windows has a feature called Critical UpdatesAn entire branch of Microsoft dedicated to staying one step ahead of the hackersWhen a possible security loophole is fixed, you need to download the patch right away Anti-VirusesMore secure operating systems e.g. UNIX

WormsWorm - is a self-replicating program, similar to a computer virus. A virus attaches itself to, and becomes part of, another executable program; however, a worm is self-contained and does not need to be part of another program to propagate itself.

Morris WormThe first worm to attract wide attention, the Morris worm, was written by Robert Tappan Morris, who at the time was a graduate student at Cornell University.It was released on November 2, 1988.  The level of replication created system loads that not only brought it to the attention of system administrators, but also disrupted the target computers. It was guessed that the cost in "potential loss in productivity" caused by the worm and efforts to remove it ranged at each system from $200 to more than $53,000

Morris WormMorris himself was convicted under the US Computer Crime and Abuse Act and received three years probation, community service and a fine in excess of $10,000. Robert Tappan Morris is now a professor at MIT

Worms…Worms – is a small piece of software that uses computer networks and security holes to replicate itself. A copy of the worm scans the network for another machine that has a specific security hole. It copies itself to the new machine using the security hole, and then starts replicating from there, as well.They are often designed to exploit the file transmission capabilities found on many computers.