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Foundations of our Government.pptx

Published Oct 18, 2016 in
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Presentation Slides & Transcript

Presentation Slides & Transcript

Foundations of our Government

Connection to last unit:More than 40 million immigrants live in the US. What ideas about government do you think that they may have about the United States government? Brainstorm

The Political Heritage: Influences to the ConstitutionLimited Government: The idea that the government’s power was NOT absolute1215: Magna Carta (England): The nobles forced King John to sign it, it recognized their rights and said that the king cannot be above the lawPeople in England came to believe that the Magna Carta helped protect people from unjust punishment by the government and from the levying (to charge or impose) of taxes without popular consent

The Political Heritage: Influences to the Constitution1619: The Virginia House of Burgesses: the first legislature established in the coloniesMade local laws for the colonies.

The Political Heritage: Influences to the Constitution1620: The Mayflower Compact: signed by the Pilgrims.First governing document of Plymouth colonyGoverning according to a written plan.They all agreed to choose their leaders and make their own laws.

The Political Heritage: Influences to the ConstitutionThe English Bill of Rights, 1689Monarchs do not have absolute authority but rule with the consent of the people’s representatives in Parliament Monarchs must have Parliaments consent to tax or maintain an armyMonarchs cannot interfere with parliamentary elections and debatesThe people have the right to petition the government and to have a fair and speedy trial by a jury of their peers.The people should not be subject to cruel and unusual punishmentsIt helped to settle disputes between the King and ParliamentIt served as a model for the US Bill of Rights