Other Slide by
Commentscomments powered by Disqus
Presentation Slides & Transcript
Presentation Slides & Transcript
LymphedemaAnd The Patient With Breast Cancer
The Lymphatic SystemAn extensive drainage network that helps keep body fluid levels balanced and defends the body against infections and foreign substances. The lymphatic system carries these through lymph vessels, which lead to lymph nodes. Gathering, integrating, synthesizing and analyzing dataMade up of a network of lymphatic vessels that carry lymph — a protein rich, clear watery fluid — throughout the body.
How the Lymphatic System WorksThe lymphatic system circulates protein-rich lymph fluid • throughout the body, collecting bacteria, viruses and waste products.The lymphatic system carries these through lymph vessels, which lead to lymph nodes.The lymph nodes filter out harmful substances from the lymph fluid.The wastes are then flushed from the body and the Clean lymph fluid drains into the bloodstream.
LymphedemaLymphedema is due to an abnormality of the lymphatic vessel system. It is a buildup of lymph fluid that causes swelling, most often in the arms or legs. The lymphatic system carries these through lymph vessels, which lead to lymph nodes.There are two types: Primary or Congenital Lymphedema and Secondary Lymphedema.
Secondary LymphedemaMost commonly due to cancer related treatments:Lymph nodes were surgically removed .Lymph nodes were damaged by radiation treatmentCombination of above Swelling ranges from mild, hardly noticeable changes, to extreme swelling that can make it impossible to use the affected arm or leg.
Managing LymphedemaManaging Lymphedma is a life long process.Practice prevention measures as suggested by as your physian and physical therapist.Recognize symptoms and treat them early.The wastes are then flushed from the body and the Clean lymph fluid drains into the bloodstream.
Preventive MeasuresPrimary:SNB ( Sentinal Lymphonde Biopsy) for axillary stagging has been shown to effectively reduce the risk for lymphedma compared to axillary lymphonde dissection(1).Prophylactic Physical therapy early on post has been shown to prevent lymphedema (2-4)
Preventive MeasuresSecondary:Skin hygiene and nail care.Exercise and weight training with property fitted compression garmentsElevation of the affected limb when restingAvoidance of tight fitted clothing and undergarments.Maintenance of ideal body weightAvoid exposure to extreme temperature such as saunas and steam baths.Wear properly fitted compression garments when travelling
Preventing Lymphedema : Infection and InjuryElevate affected limb or area while resting.Avoid Pressure and constrication of involved limb:Have blood pressure and blood draws taken on healthy limb.Do not wear tight clothes, shoes, jewelry.When sleeping, try to lie on your healthy side Avoid cut and scratches, especially during manicures and pedicures. Shave with an electric razor.If your leg is affected, always wear supportive shoes. Do not go barefoot.
Preventing Lymphedema : Infection and InjuryWhen OutdoorsUse insect repellents.Wear sunscreen and preventive clothing.Wear gloves while gardening Kitchen SafetyUse healthy arm when using peelers and graters.Use oven mitts when handling hot foods.Be careful with knifes Wear rubber gloves when washing dishes.
Preventing Lymphedema : Infection and InjuryAvoid heat on your arm or leg Don’t apply heat, such as with a heating pad, to the affected limb.Avoid hot tubs, whirl pool and saunas. Minimize Stress