by jennalwill

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Massage Therapy & The Equine Athlete.ppt

Published Sep 12, 2013 in Animals
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Massage Therapy & The Equine Athlete.ppt... Read more

An in-depth view of a horse's muscular system and the health benefits of massage therapy for the equine athlete.

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Presentation Slides & Transcript

Presentation Slides & Transcript

Massage Therapy for the Equine AthleteJenna Williams, ESMT

Complementary Therapies andEquine CareThe synergy of conventional and complementary therapies not only offers thehorse owner more treatment options, but provides a “whole” approach to the care oftheir horses. Massage, an age-old treatment that has been used both alone and in conjunctionwith more conventional veterinary medicine and is increasingly becoming popular inthe horse world. Veterinarians are recommending therapies such as massage and chiropractic incombination with other primary treatments.

The Skeletal Muscular SystemSystem of movementMaintains posture700 skeletal muscles60% of total body weight

FasciaSuperficial Fascia Layer

Tendons90% Elasticity10% Elasticity

Contracting muscleRelaxing muscle

Head & Neck SidewaysDownwardsUpwardsForelimb & Hind limbForwardsBackwardsSidewaysTrunk FlexionTrunk ExtensionTrunk Lateral Flexion

10% total body weightMost flexible part of the spineProvides:Support, balance & steeringBears approximately: 60% of total body weightProvides stabilization & supportTransference of forward movementAbdominal & vertebral supportAids in respirationPowerhouse of the horseMain driving force

Dorsal ChainVentral Chain

Causes of Muscle TightnessOverusePulled musclesA blow

Muscle Fiber (cell)Secondary TensionMicrotrama

Brochiocephalic muscleSplenius muscleDorsal Chain

Total Body Weight + Impact

Reactive BehaviorPoor performanceRefusing lead changesReluctance & difficulty with previously easy movementsReduced stride lengthHollowing & not wanting to move forwardedOff in certain movementsTying upBalance and coordinationLateral bending problemsGirth discomfort‘Cold’ BackIncreasing of rollingReluctance to be groomed or saddledDown cast demeanor

Sports MassageFocuses on cause of muscle injuryPain reliever and aids in recoveryPreventative care

The Healthful BenefitsEnhances muscle tone Increases Range of Motion (ROM)Eases muscle tension and spasmLengthens connective tissueBreaks down scar tissueIncreased circulationStimulate lymphatic functionReduces inflammation and swelling in the joints and Increases the production of synovial fluid Generally improves the disposition of the horse

Body Systems that BenefitMuscular SystemCirculatory SystemLymphatic SystemNervous SystemSkin

The Occasions for Sports MassagePre – EventPost – EventMaintenance

StretchingElongates the muscle fibersIncreases Range of MotionReduces tension, stiffness & sorenessReduces injury to joints, muscles & tendonsImproves coordinationMaintains flexibilityImproves stride lengthImproves reflex time responseIncrease oxygenation & nutrition to tissues

ResearchIncreases ROMStride lengths at walk increased by 3.6% or 4.8 inchesStride lengths at the trot increased by 1.2% or 1.7 inchesMuscle tendon & muscle belly diameters increased by an average of 14% - 18%

Management of Accute Tendentits in HorsesMassage Reduces Scar Tissue & Increases Tendon Function

Diagnosis and Therapy of Tendinitis Exemplified by the Athletic Horse"Passive motion and massage will help to increase blood flow and to decrease adhesions."

Research on the Benefits of StretchingStretching increase flexibility in connective tissue around the jointsPain relievingReduces injury