by laurenn279

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GCSE Geography- Urbanisation

Published Jan 21, 2013 in Education
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GCSE Geography- Urbanisation... Read more

This is a short PowerPoint giving revision notes for the GCSE Geography topic of Urbanisation. An interactive edition is also available if you leave your email in the ask box!

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Presentation Slides & Transcript

Presentation Slides & Transcript



Mega Cities Table

Urban Morphology


Push & pull factors

Urbanisation is the % increase of people moving from rural to urban areas.
Urban growth is the increase in size of a built-up area.
Developed countries developed in the past because they are MEDCs, they are just steadily growing.
Developing countries used to be small but are now growing rapidly as people living in rural areas are looking for more jobs.

Introduction Two.
Mega Cities in each continent and how they have changed.

Mega Cities Table.

Urban Morphology.
In the city centre you can find shops, offices, public sector buildings (Such as libraries), churches, places to eat and other public buildings and places.
Around the edge of an urban area is industrial estates, new housing estates and out of town shopping centres, schools, green spaces and more.
Outer city suburbs
Multiple drives, bigger, detached, space. Schools
Inner city suburbs
Semis, drive ways, some space
Inner City
Terraced housing
Old factories near CBD, new industrial estates on outskirts
Shops, offices, service stations, universities

Urban Morphology 2.
Outer city suburbs- detached houses, out of town shops and supermarkets, schools, green-space, multiple drives and estates
Inner city suburbs- semis, one space drives, space
Inner city- terraced from industrial revolution, no drives, compact, corner shops, no gardens
CBD- shops, services, offices, university, little or no green-space

Capital of Kenya
60% people live in slums
800,000- 1 million live in 255ha; half the population
People have 1m2 floor space
100,000+ orphans due to aids or HIV

Kibera- about the settlement
Homes made of mud, plastic, wood and corrugated iron sheeting
Sewage in ditches along pavements
Rubbish is not collected
Private operators run hosepipes into the area but charge double the rate for water
Vigilante groups are paid to offer security(Police rarely enter)
The homes are kept clean
The residents welcome visitors

Kibera- improving it
A British charity developed low-cost roofing tiles to create blocks for building that are cheaper than concrete
UN Human Settlement Programme provide electricity for 300shillings a home
Water is available from the World Bank and the council at 3 Kenyan shillings for 20 litres
Medical facilities are provided by charities
UN and council are doing a scheme over 15 years to house residents in flats with electricity and water

Push & pull factors