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Drama light and sound.pptx

Published Feb 13, 2013 in Education
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Presentation Slides & Transcript

Presentation Slides & Transcript

Lighting and Sound
Lighting and
By Sofia Bruce

Lighting and Sound

What is the purpose of stage lighting ?
In order for the actors/actresses to be seen
To focus the audience’s attention on a specific area of the stage
To create a certain mood, atmosphere or special effect

A lighting designer must make sure that the lighting he has chosen meets the aims and functions of stage lighting.

What is the difference between mood and atmosphere?
Atmosphere – this relates to the time, place, season, weather, etc. that the production is set in
Mood – this relates to the emotions and theme of the production

What factors create effective lighting and design?
The way the light is hung, including the position and angle ? 45 degrees if the most common angle for lights to be hung as when lit, it gives the most natural shadows of the face.
The brightness of the light – this is measured in percentage.
The colour of the light – how can colour alter the mood and atmosphere?
The shape of the light – how do we create a shape that will focus on a specific area of the stage.

Lighting (LX)
Atmosphere can be created by…
Having the light FADE UP or FADE DOWN, which means that lights either go up or down
CROSS FADING, having one set of lights fade up/down as the same time as another
BLUE – sadness, depression, cold, night time
RED – love, anger, depression, blood, death
YELLOW – happiness, Summer, wealth
GREEN – feeling of evil, the supernatural
PINK – love, youth, innocence

Key terms of lighting:
Barndoors – shutter like contraptions that fit into fresnels. They are used to define the shape of light
Booms – vertical pipes used to hang lights in the wings
Channels – numbers assigned to lights for lighting boar operation
Channel Check – checking to make sure all the lights are still working and plugged properly before a performance
Crossfade – when one lights comes up as another is coming down
Cyclorama – a large, usually white backcloth hung at the back of a state that can be lit for dramatic effect

Next page

Dimmer board/lighting board – where the lights are controlled from
Dimmer pack – where the lights are plugged in and connected to the dimmer board
Electrician – the person in a theatre responsible for hanging, focusing and sometimes operating the lights
Floodlight – a wash of light with no focus
Focus – where the light is aimed
Fresnel – a type of light which provides a soft edge
Gauze/scrim – a thin muslin cloth drop that when lit from behind can be seen through, but when lit from the front, appears solid

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Gels – translucent coloured plastic sheets for changing the colour the bulb emits
Gobo/template – a thin metal plat cut with a specific pattern that can be used to create texture or a shape on stage
Lamp – the term used for a bulb
Lantern – the whole lighting unit
Lighting designer – a person who works with the director of a production to design a lighting plot for a theatrical work
Lighting grid – a series of bars over an acting area from which lights can be hung
Lighting Plot – the draft/drawing of where lights are hung, their colour, shape and focus.
Pan – the horizontal movement of a lantern when focusing

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Patch – plugging a specific light into a specific channel number on a dimmer board
Profile Spot – a versatile lantern which can have a soft and hard edge as well as have shutters, iris and gobos to define the shape of the light
Pyrotechnics – special effects like gunfire, explosives and flares

Lighting Board
This controls the light

Flash buttons

A&B masters
Channel faders

Different types of lights

The Profile Spot

The Fresnel

The Flood Light

The profile spot
This projects a tight spot of light which has a hard edge
It can be used for monologues, soliloquys etc.
They are usually held secured by a G clamp and have a gel frame

Spotlights have a clear and slightly rounded lens.
To focus it, the lamp and reflector remain fixed and the lens moves.
To shape the light beam, Shutters, an Iris or a Gobo can be used.

The Fresnel Light
Projects a soft edged beam
Can be used to light up small sections of people or objects tableaus etc.

To shape this light,
barn doors are required.
To focus the light, the lamp and reflector move and the lens stays fixed.
The lens is frosted on the back, with circular ridges on the front.

The Flood Light
Projects a wide beam of light which has a soft edge
It can be used to light up a large group of people or props on stage

They do not have lenses.
You cannot focus or
shape floodlights.

A lighting Plot

Effect intention
Lanterns used
Notes for


What is the purpose of sound in drama?
It can help to setting an appropriate period of time by playing certain music before the curtain is raised
To create a certain mood of the play
Produce sound affects to back up a certain action and response
Produce environmental sounds such as rain, thunder or storms
To amplify the level of voices or instruments on or off stage
To provide a show relay to waiting actors and technicians backstage

A sound director is responsible
For all the music and sound affects
During a performance.

Operation of Sound
To operate sound we use a sound system. All units are run through this PA system and controlled from the desk. The sound system includes various things:
A CD player
An audio tape player
A mini disc player
A PA System

The sound desk is the controller of sound, it contains:
A minidisc fader
A tape fader
A CD fader
A master fader
High and low frequencies

A Sound cue sheet

Sound affect
Notes for
Cue point

Lighting and Sound
Thank you
For watching!