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LESO Telling the time in Spanish.pptx

Published Oct 3, 2013 in Education
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Learn how to tell the time in Spanish

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Presentation Slides & Transcript

Presentation Slides & Transcript

Aprender a decir la hora en españolLearn to tell the time in Spanish

To ask for the time you say ….¿Qué hora es? = What time is it?NB: It’s not very common but in some places you may hear ‘qué hora son?’ instead.

You can also say ….Por favor, ¿me puede dar la hora?Can you please tell me the time?

To tell the time in Spanish you use the verb ‘ser’.You use ‘es’ for ‘one o’clock and ‘son’ for ‘two’ to ‘twelve o’clock’.

Es la una = It’s one o’clock

Son las dos = It’s two o’clock

Son las tres = It’s three o’clock

Son las doce = It’s twelve o’clock

So how would you say …It’s eight o’clock?

Son las ocho = It’s 8 o’clockAnd what about …. It’s one o’clock?That’s right …. Es la una.

If you give a specific hour but want to clarify whether it’s the morning or afternoon you add ….de la mañana (in the morning)de la tarde (in the afternoon)de la noche (in the evening)

Son las seis de la mañana = a.m.It’s six a.m. in the morning.

Son las cuatro de la tarde = p.m. It’s four p.m. in the afternoon

Son las ocho de la noche = p.m.It’s 8 p.m. in the evening

And when it comes to twelve o’clock you can also say …Es el mediodía.= It’s noon / midday

Or …… Es la medianoche.= It’s midnight.

If you want to talk about the very early hours of the morning you say ‘de la madrugada’Son las cuatro de la madrugada.

NB: If you don’t mention the hour or any specific time you would use ‘por’ instead of ‘de’ to say ‘in the morning, afternoon, or evening’ . Es difícil despertarlo por la mañana .It’s hard to get him up in the morning.Al día siguiente por la mañana ….The next morning … (lit. the next day in the morning)

Los minutosThe minutes

Use ‘y’ (and) when you would say how many minutes ‘past’ the hour you are in English.Son las diez y diez. = It’s ten past ten.

Son las tres y cuatro.It’s four past three.

Use cuarto y media to say ‘quarter past’ and ‘half past’.Son las diez y cuarto. Son las diez y media.

After ‘half past’ you can use ‘menos’ to say how many minutes are remaining before the next hour.Eg. If it’s twenty ‘to’ twelve you can say – ‘it’s twelve minus twenty’.That is …. ‘son las doce menos veinte’

Or, just as in English, you can express time after half past numerically.Son las once y cuarenta. It’s 11.40.

To ask ‘at what time’ will something happen you say ….¿A qué hora ….?¿A qué hora vienen? At what time are they coming?¿A qué hora salimos?At what time do we leave?

If you want to say ‘at’ + ‘an hour’ you answer with …A la or A las …. + the hour.A la una. At one o’clock.A las dos. At two o’clock.A las cuatro y cuarto. At quarter past four.A las nueve y media. At nine thirty.A las once y cincuenta de la noche. At 11.50 pm.Add ‘en punto’ if you want to say ‘on the dot’A la una en punto. At one o’clock on the dot.

A las cinco de la mañana.At 5 o’clock in the morning.

A las diez de la noche.At ten o’clock at night.

Or you might answer with …tarde latetemprano earlyen una hora in an hourdentro de un rato in a whiledentro de media hora in half an hour’s timeen media hora in half an hourantes de las cinco before five o’clockdespués de las siete after seven o’clock

To talk about the time in the past use ‘era’ or ‘eran’ to mean ‘it was’.Era la una. It was one o’clock.Eran las dos. It was two o’clock.Eran las doce. It was twelve o’clock.

And to say how long ago something happened use ‘hace’.Hace cinco minutos. Five minutes ago.Hace una hora. An hour ago.Hace media hora. Half an hour ago.

So how would you say ….?It was one o’clock when she arrived.It was three o’clock in the afternoon.She left twenty minutes ago.Five o’clock on the dot!It’s twenty five past four.At nine o’clock.At a quarter to ten.At nine p.m.

It was one o’clock when she arrived. = Era la una cuando ella llegó.It was three o’clock in the afternoon. = Eran las tres de la tarde.She left twenty minutes ago. = Se fue hace veinte minutos.Five o’clock on the dot! = A las cinco en punto.It’s twenty five past four. = Son las cuatro y veinte cinco.At nine o’clock. = A las nueve.At a quarter to ten. = A las diez menos quince. or A las nueve y cuarenta y cinco.At nine p.m. = A las nueve de la tarde.

So now you should be set to tell the time in Spanish!