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Ancient GreeceThe City- State of Athens By: Kayla Olvera
AthensCity-State- a city that with its surrounding territory forms an independent state.Athens was founded in 3000 BCOne of the oldest named cities in the worldContinuously inhabited for at least 7000 yearsLocated in southern Europe Leading city of Ancient Greek city-states for the first millennium
EconomyAthenian economy depended on tradeHoneyOlive oilSilverPainted potteryThey had places called “Agoras” That literally means “gathering place” and was the center of cultural life in the city and where they bought and sold other goods. Traded HoneyOlive OilSilverPainted PotteryReceived Grains wood
They used the barter system- A system of trading goods and or services for other goods and or services. By 500 B.C., each city-state began minting their own coin.Athens used a currency known as the drachma Their currency was widely used, often an Athenian coin could be used in other Greek cities and not have to be exchanged for the local currency.
Social StructureAthens was composed of four main social classesSlavesMetic ( Non-citizens freeperson)WomenCitizensSubclasses( Difference between common citizens and aristocratic citizens)Language: Greek
GovernmentAthenian democracy was the first known democracyDirect democracy ; which meant participating citizens voted directly on legislation and executive billsAristotle divided Greek governments into monarchies, oligarchies, tyrannies and democracies.Greece began by having monarchies, then oligarchies, then tyrannies and then democracies.Each period there were plenty of city-states using a different system, and there were many which never did become democracies or tyrannies at all.
ReligionIn the ancient Greek world, religion was personal, direct, and present in all areas of life. Formal rituals included animal sacrifices and libations.Some were skeptical and some believed the gods existed and that they could influence human affairs, and they welcomed and responded to acts of piety and worship.
WritingFirst Europeans to write with an alphabetThe Greek writing system originally developed out of a modified Phoenician alphabet over 2,700 years ago and then split into several different versions among Greek cities. One of the writing system versions - Ionic - became the standard for Athens in 403 BC.
LiteratureAmong the earliest Greek literature was Homer's epic poems. -Iliad and the Odyssey. The Iliad is a detailed telling of the Trojan War while the Odyssey recounts Odysseus' 20-year journey home following the Trojan War.Hesiod, wrote the Theogony around 700 B.C.E. -The Theogony is a genealogy of the gods. The years between 461 to 429 B.C.E. marked the Age of Pericles. Named after an Athenian leader, arts and literature flourished in this era.
ArtTemples, sculpture, and pottery. The Greeks incorporated a fundamental principle of their culture: Arête.To the Greeks, arête meant excellence and reaching one's full potential.Greek art was meant to honor the gods.Ancient Greek sculptures were typically made of either stone or wood and very few of them survive to this day