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RATIFYING THE CONSTITUTION
RATIFICATIONWhat is ratification?Is it?A. The process whereby a single individual rules on behalf of their interests.B. A legislative act to add, delete, or revise a bill or law.C. The act of giving formal consentD. Ummmm, I have no idea. What day is it?Who knows the answer?I do!
RATIFICATIONAnd the answer is…………….C. Ratification is the act of giving formal consent.Q: How does this term apply to the Constitution?Although the Constitution was adopted by the framers on Sept. 17, 1787 – the states needed to formally consent to it = RATIFICATION
RATIFICATIONBUT you know this isn’t going to be easy!!!!!!!ProblemAll the states did not agree (BIG SURPRISE!)Nation quickly divides into two factionsAnti-Federalist and FederalistsInteresting Note: Only 39 of the 55 delegates that attended the convention actually signed the final document.
RATIFICATIONSomething missing? Was there something missing from the Constitution?THE PEOPLE - The Constitution was silent in its original form on the rights and protections of the people. WHAT DO WE NEED?A BILL OF RIGHTS to protect the people.
RATIFICATION QuestionWhy was the Bill of Rights necessary for ratification of the U.S. Constitution?Two opposing points of view!!!Sometimes great mindsdon’t think alike!!Thomas JeffersonAnti-Federalist James MadisonFederalistVS.
RATIFICATIONAnti-FederalistOpposed ratificationWanted protection for individual citizens from the Federal GovernmentBelieved strongly that a Bill of Rights was necessary
RATIFICATIONFederalistsIn favor of ratificationDid not believe a Bill of Rights was needed and felt the Constitution as it stood was enoughBills of Rights would cause problems
Massachusetts…. You rebelsMass would not sign it. Finally, in Feb 1788, a compromise with Mass and other states agreeing to the document with the provision that amendments would be IMMEDIATELY proposed.
9 of 13According to Article VII of the Constitution, it did not become a binding document until 9 out of the 13 states approved of itOn June 21, 1788, _____ became the 9th state to With the agreement that they would add amendments
RATIFIED!!Ladies and Gentlemen……WE HAVE A CONSTITUTION!!
THE BILL OF RIGHTSJames Madison switched sides to help draft the Bill of RightsIn 1789, Congress adopted 12 amendments and sent them to states for ratificationIn December of 1791, the 1st 10 Amendment of the Constitution, known as the Bill of Rights are accepted.
Rhode Island… a little state with a lot of sassRI opposed the federal control of currency and was critical of the compromise of slavery.Resisted to ratify until the US government said that they would sever commercial relations with themMay 29, 1790 RI voted to ratify.
INTRODUCING THE BILL OF RIGHTSLet’s play “Name That Amendment!”Lets test your knowledge of the Bill of Rights, I am going to give you a fact pattern, read it and then refer to the handout on the Bill of Rights and find the amendment you think applies. Be prepared to tell me why you chose that amendment! Are you ready????
THE BILL OF RIGHTSScenario #1 A person who enters a room and screams "Bomb!" just to see the reaction of the people in the room is protected under provisions in the Bill of Rights. Which amendment in the Bill of Rights applies? Why?
THE BILL OF RIGHTSScenario #2A police officer comes to your door and asks to search your home without a reason. You don't want to allow the officer to enter, but he comes in anyway to search your home. Which amendment in the Bill of Rights applies? Why?
THE BILL OF RIGHTSScenario #3A soldier shows up at your door and claims you have to feed him and give him shelter because he is fighting for your country.Which amendment in the Bill of Rights applies? Why?
THE BILL OF RIGHTSScenario #4Violence is getting to the point in our society where they should stop letting civilians own guns. Which amendment in the Bill of Rights applies? Why?
THE BILL OF RIGHTSScenario #5 - DIFFICULT!!A person is convicted of murdering another human being. Later, it is discovered that the victim of that murder had actually faked his or her death. Under those circumstances, it would be legal for the person convicted of the murder to kill the person who faked his/her death. Which amendment in the Bill of Rights applies? Why?